Whether you are a mother or father, a child or teen, a brother or sister, or a babysitter, there are a few things you can do to deal with an emergency allergy attack, but no one will ever be sure whether things will play out nicely during an allergy attack.
Most allergic emergency cases are caused by anaphylactic shock (also known as anaphylaxis), a severe allergic condition that may result in shock, cardiac arrhythmia, seizures, and sometimes death. Because anaphylactic shock is life-threatening, it calls for an immediate action. Symptoms of anaphylaxis include hives, dizziness, rash, difficulty breathing, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, swelling, swollen lips or tongue, low blood pressure and wheezing. Anaphylaxis can be triggered by medications, vaccines, food, rubber-based paint, and insect stings and bites. If a child encounters a trigger, which may potentially cause severe allergic symptoms, it can happen almost immediately to within one hour. People with severe allergies can literally be alright for one minute and badly in trouble the next. So you’ll need to spring into action in a hurry.
When an emergency attack happens to your brother or sister, if at least one parent is at home, the most appropriate thing you should do is to be cooperative and stay calm, and let your parents do what’s needed to help your sibling. If that means you need to stay at a neighbor’s or relative’s house while your parents bring your sibling to the hospital, you should accept it.
If you’re home alone with someone you know, the best ways is to stay calm. If you are panicked, you’ll only make the entire situation worse, both for the allergic person and yourself. Encourage him or her and assure that help will come soon, and tell the person that you’ll do everything necessary to make him or her feels safe and comfortable. Then have the person lie down or sit in a safe place, if possible remove anything that might hinder the breathing, such as unswallowed foods in the mouth or tight clothing, and raise the person’s legs. Next, call 911 or the nearest hospital and ask for an ambulance. If the person tells you that he or she has anaphylaxis and ask if there is an epinephrine kit nearby (such as an Twinject or EpiPen), you should administer it quickly, even before the emergency help arrives. An epinephrine kit contains a single dose of adrenaline (also known as epinephrin) in a device that looks like a pen. Many reported cases of death caused by anaphylaxis happen on people who haven’t received emergency rapid-acting medication, so quick and proper action can literally save the person’s life. Stay with him or her until help arrives.
If you believe that the emergency attack happens due to an insect sting or bite, first place a lightly-tied rubber or cloth band (also known as tourniquet) above the sting area. Remove the tourniquet every 5 minutes for about three minutes, and place it again, after 30 minutes remove the tourniquet completely. Note what kind of insect causing the allergy, is it a hornet, horsefly, bee, wasp, or others. Knowing the exact causes of the attack may help the doctor performs the necessary tests and, therefore, accurately diagnose the allergy if the source hasn’t yet been identified.
If the anaphylactic shock is particularly severe, you may need to administer another epinephrine shot. It is necessary if the person doesn’t show improvement to the first shot, or if symptoms returns before help arrives. Obviously, it is necessary for those with severe allergies symptoms, especially with likely anaphylactic shock to carry two or more single-shot EpiPen in the event of an especially strong attack.
If the person experiences lighter symptoms, such as hives, then OTC oral histamine like Benadryl should be effective. You should still seek professional for the person, however.
After he or she receives emergency treatment and recovers, the person will probably have some consultations with an allergist, to review the recent attack and find ways to prevent another one. If he or she took a certain medication or ate a meal before the person suffered the attack, the allergist may ask the person to:
• Show box of the suspected medication.
• Provide the dosage.
• Write down any food that he or she ate.
Allergic people should ready themselves to prepare for emergency situations, and it is especially important if the allergy symptoms are life-threatening.
By making better preparation for an allergy attack with friends, family members, or other people you know, you can deal with the emergency when it arises. It can’t be stressed enough that, any of your action during this event can literally make a big difference between life and death.
Whether you’re a babysitter or relative, you should be sure you are completely prepared to handle likely allergic emergencies should one strike someone you know. A good way to deal with this situation is to be completely ready ahead of time, and there is no best way than to create an action plan and get involved with any training to simulate an allergy attack.
If the person risks a severe allergy reaction and needs to carry a Twinject or EpiPen everywhere, make sure you and those around you understand how to use it properly before the actual an emergency occurs. Many people fumble with the directions and try to figure out the correct way of administering the kit in the middle of a crisis and end up giving the sufferer an improper dosage. While you’re training in the usage of the medication, it is a good idea to check out related web sites to find detailed directions, for example www.epipen.com and www.twinject.com. Both EpiPen and Twinject have expiration date and make sure that it doesn’t pass the date. Also check for its appearance; cloudy and discolored drug may indicate a leakage. Expired EpiPen is no longer effective in treating allergy attack and may cause additional problems during an emergency.